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All about the State of Alaska

Comprehensive guide to Alaska

Alaska – the “Last Frontier” of America!

Home to glaciers, wild animals, and breathtaking scenery, Alaska is an incredible place. From its vibrant cities to its stunning natural wonders, there’s something for everyone in this beautiful state. Whether you’re looking for outdoor adventure or a chance to relax amidst nature, Alaska has it all. 

Alaska also boasts some truly remarkable wildlife experiences – bald eagles soar through the sky while moose wander around on land; humpback whales swim in icy blue waters while sea otters frolic along shorelines.

With five national parks and sixteen wildlife refuges, visitors can easily spot these majestic creatures up close and personal.

And also amazing views – whether it’s gazing out at mountains blanketed with snow or taking in sweeping vistas across sparkling seas, nobody will be disappointed by what they find here in The Last Frontier!


Alaska is an expansive state with a population of just over 731,000 people. It’s the least densely populated state in America, with only 1 person per square mile.

The largest city in Alaska is Anchorage, which has around 300,000 inhabitants and makes up roughly 40% of the entire state’s population.

  • Population: 731,045 (2020)
  • Density: 0.7/sq mi (ranked lowest in US)
  • Largest City: Anchorage – 293,358 as of 2019
  • Ethnicity: 68% White; 15% Native American; 8% Hispanic or Latino; 6% Asian; 3% Black
  • Median Age: 33.8 years old (2019)


The median age for Alaska residents is relatively low compared to most other states due to its large native Alaskan population and mix of military personnel who are stationed there.

Despite the wide range of ages across different parts of the state, all Alaskans share a common bond through their love for outdoor activities such as skiing, fishing, and hiking that can be enjoyed year-round thanks to its beautiful landscapes and temperate climate.


The vastness of Alaska’s land area is something to behold. Spanning 663,300 square miles and two time zones, it is the largest state in the US by far – almost twice as big as Texas!

With nearly one-fifth of its total area located north of the Arctic Circle, Alaska boasts a unique geography that includes rugged mountain ranges, thousands of islands and coastal areas, icy glaciers, and frozen tundra.

FeatureLocationExtra Details
Denali (formerly known as Mount McKinley)Interior AlaskaStands at 20,310 feet tall
Yukon RiverInterior and Western AlaskaMajor river system, used for shipping goods and recreation activities
Kuskokwim RiverWestern AlaskaMajor river system, used for shipping goods and recreation activities
Copper RiverSouthcentral AlaskaMajor river system, used for shipping goods and recreation activities
Panhandle RegionSoutheastern CoastMilder temperatures due to proximity to the ocean
Glacier Bay National Park & PreserveNorthern Pacific CoastlineLocated on the northern Pacific coastline
Lake IliamnaSouthwest Alaskan CoastlineLocated near Bristol Bay on the southwest Alaskan coastline

From majestic mountainscapes to glacial rivers teeming with fish, Alaska’s stunning landscapes are sure to captivate any traveler seeking adventure in this wild part of North America.

Whether you’re looking for an unforgettable journey through untouched wilderness or simply scouting out local wildlife hotspots, there’s no shortage of natural wonders all around Alaska just waiting to be discovered!


Alaska’s climate is unique and varied. The state has a range of weather patterns, from the subarctic cold of interior Alaska to the wetter conditions in Southeast Alaska.

ClimateRegionAverage Temp (°F)Precipitation (in.)
Subarctic ColdInterior Alaska-1411
WetterSoutheast Alaska4480

The temperatures in most Alaskan cities are fairly mild because much of the state is surrounded by water. However, during the winter months it can get extremely cold throughout the state due to its high latitude.

In some areas, temperatures have been known to dip well below zero degrees Fahrenheit. It’s not uncommon for snowfall totals to reach several feet per year in some parts of the country, especially in Anchorage and Fairbanks where average annual snowfall amounts typically exceed 100 inches each year.

In addition, many regions experience multiple days with blizzard-like conditions which also adds to their already significant amount of total precipitation annually. Despite all this, summers tend to be relatively pleasant with warm sunny days and cool nights across much of the area, perfect for outdoor activities such as camping or hiking.

Alaska’s Diverse Economy

Alaska’s economy is based largely on natural resources and the fishing industry. Mining also plays a role in the economy, with gold deposits being mined from several locations around the state.

In addition, tourism has become an increasingly important sector, due in part to its vast wilderness areas offering adventure activities such as hunting and dog sledding.

The Impact of Oil Production on Alaska’s Economy

Oil production accounts for a large portion of the state’s economy, with oil revenues providing funding for government services.

The Alaska Permanent Fund is one of the most unique economic programs of any US state, which was created through royalties collected from oil drilling operations within Alaska’s borders.

This program helps keep Alaskans financially secure and allows them to have access to funds when needed without having to take out loans or use credit cards.

The Alaska Permanent Fund

The Alaska Permanent Fund is an innovative financial policy initiative that provides dividends to all residents each year. The dividend can range anywhere between $1,000-$2,500 per person annually, depending on how much revenue was generated that year by oil production.

This serves as an incentive for people living outside of Alaska who may be considering relocating there because of this bonus income they could receive each year if they did so.

Alaska’s Thriving Business Opportunities

Thanks in large part to its abundant natural resources and innovative financial policy initiatives like the permanent fund, Alaska remains a thriving place for business opportunities and personal growth alike.

With a diverse economy that includes fishing, mining, tourism, and oil production, the state offers something for everyone.


Alaska has a long and storied history. Before Europeans set foot in the state, Alaska was inhabited by Native Americans who had been living there for thousands of years.

The Russian Empire first established a presence in Alaska in 1741 and declared it as their own territory, but sold it to the United States through the Treaty of Cession in 1867 for $7 million dollars.

Since then, Alaska has been known for its abundance of natural resources- from timber and fish to oil. This has made it an attractive place for settlers looking to take advantage of these opportunities.

From its early days as part of Russia until now as one of America’s most northerly states, Alaska’s story continues to unfold with each new day. 

Government And Politics

Alaska is a unique state in many ways, and its government and politics are no exception. The Last Frontier has been home to some interesting political controversies over the years, but also boasts a vibrant democracy that reflects the values of its constituents.

Political PartyPercent Registered VotersSeats in State House & Senate

The most recent election cycle was an eye-opener for many Alaskans, as they were presented with two major party candidates who both had their own visions for how Alaska should be governed.

Even though Democrats outnumbered Republicans by 4%, it was the GOP candidate who ended up winning the race by a narrow margin. This outcome demonstrated just how powerful nonpartisans can be when it comes to influencing elections in Alaska.

In terms of current representation at the legislature level, there is currently a split between Democrats (24 seats) and Republicans (36 seats).

Despite this division on paper, lawmakers from both parties have generally worked together towards common goals such as increasing jobs and reducing taxes.

As one example, a bipartisan package of bills passed through both chambers of the legislature recently will provide more than $2 billion dollars in tax relief across all income levels over the next three years.

It’s clear that although partisanship may exist among politicians in Alaska, there is still plenty of room for cooperation when it comes to finding solutions that benefit everyone.

Education System

Alaska is home to a variety of educational opportunities. From pre-schools through college, the state offers plenty of options for learners of all ages and backgrounds.

The Alaska Department of Education & Early Development governs K–12 education in the state. It provides funding for public schools and administers statewide assessments such as the Alaska Standards Assessment. The department also oversees private and homeschooling options.

In addition to primary and secondary schools, there are many post-secondary institutions available:

  • University of Alaska System: This system includes three universities spread across the state – Anchorage, Fairbanks, and Southeast – plus several community colleges. All offer undergraduate degree programs, while some have advanced degrees available too.
  • Alaskan Tribal Colleges: These seven tribal colleges provide accredited courses in Native American studies, humanities, social sciences, math and science, business management, natural resources management and more.
  • Vocational Schools: There are numerous vocational/technical institutes throughout Alaska that offer short-term certificate programs in areas like healthcare or hospitality management.

Transportation Infrastructure

Alaska is like a giant iceberg of opportunity, with its vast and varied transportation infrastructure providing the means to explore it. With over 6,000 miles of roads and hundreds of airports throughout the state, travelers have many options when navigating Alaska’s rugged terrain.

The state highway system consists of more than 200 routes connecting major cities and remote villages alike.

Major highways include the Glenn Highway, which cuts through scenic mountain passes between Anchorage and Fairbanks; the Richardson Highway, running from Valdez to Delta Junction along the breathtaking Copper River Valley; and several others that link communities in the Aleutian Islands, southeast Alaska Panhandle, and Interior regions.

Air travel is another popular way for visitors to explore Alaska. Most major airlines offer daily flights into Ted Stevens International Airport in Anchorage as well as other regional airports throughout the state.

In addition, there are numerous floatplane operators offering sightseeing tours or transporting passengers to rural areas not accessible by road. The coastal ferry system also provides access to some of Alaska’s most isolated communities for those looking for an unforgettable experience on board one of these vessels traversing our majestic coastlines.

Culture And Recreation

Alaska is a place of beauty and adventure, with plenty for visitors to do. From its majestic mountain peaks to the vibrant cities in between, there’s something here for everyone.

When it comes to outdoor recreation, Alaska has it all – from fishing, hunting, and camping to canoeing, kayaking, and rafting. Wildlife spotting is also popular in many locations throughout the state. For those looking for some city life or an educational experience, Anchorage offers great museums and cultural events while Fairbanks provides historical tours of Fort Wainwright and other local sites.

For travelers interested in experiencing Alaska’s unique culture firsthand, there are several villages scattered around the state that offer insight into traditional subsistence lifestyles still practiced by native Alaskans today.

Visitors can learn about indigenous art forms like carving and jewelry making as well as take part in festivals that celebrate music, dance and storytelling.

Whether you’re looking for an adrenaline rush or a leisurely vacation away from home, Alaska has something special waiting just for you!

Natural Resources And Conservation

Alaska is a land of abundance and beauty, full of natural resources that have been well-preserved for centuries. It’s the largest state in the United States, with an area twice the size of Texas.

In addition to its vast forests, stunning glaciers and rugged coastlines, Alaska has some of the most productive fisheries on Earth and is home to numerous wildlife species.

The Alaskan government works hard to ensure that these precious resources are preserved for future generations. The Department of Natural Resources (DNR) implements comprehensive conservation plans to protect fragile ecosystems and preserve native wildlife habitats.

Through careful stewardship and sustainable harvest practices, they manage fish stocks and promote healthy watersheds. The DNR also provides education programs about responsible resource use so people can enjoy their wild places without damaging them.

Alaska is committed to preserving its unique environment for all who live here or come from far away to experience it – whether you’re looking for adventure or just simply want to take in nature’s grandeur and peace. As you explore this majestic place, remember: we share a responsibility to respect our lands and waters by leaving only footprints behind.

Native Peoples Of Alaska

Alaska is home to a number of indigenous peoples, from the Tlingit and Haida people in Southeast Alaska to the Iñupiat of North Slope. For centuries these tribes have inhabited Alaskan lands, sustaining themselves through fishing, hunting, and gathering. They also remain deeply connected with their culture and traditions.

The Native Alaskans are highly respected by outsiders for their unique way of life that has been passed down from generation to generation. Today, many native communities still practice traditional activities such as kayaking, carving wood into totem poles, making jewelry out of whalebone or walrus ivory, and participating in potlatches – ceremonial events where gifts are exchanged between families.

Additionally, they continue to share stories and songs about their history and beliefs with other members of the tribe.

These vibrant cultures not only enrich our understanding of Alaska’s past but also serve as an integral part of its present-day identity. Each tribe offers something special that adds to the state’s rich cultural landscape; whether it be a different language or art form – each one contributes significantly to what makes Alaska so special today.

Tourism In Alaska

Tourism in Alaska is a key component of its economy. The state offers an abundance of activities that attract visitors from all over the world. From whale watching and hot springs to glacier tours and fishing trips, it’s no wonder so many people flock here each year.

One popular destination for tourists is Denali National Park. Here one can take part in guided hikes, rafting trips down wild rivers, or just enjoy the breathtaking scenery while camping under the stars. Wildlife viewing opportunities abound at Denali as well; bears, moose, caribou, wolves, marmots, and more are sure to be seen during any visit.

Alaska also has numerous cities with shopping and dining experiences like nowhere else in the country.

Anchorage provides great access to both outdoor adventure and urban amenities – a perfect combination!

Fairbanks’ Midnight Sun Festival is another highlight which brings thousands of visitors annually to enjoy live music performances amongst other festivities held throughout June when days last up to 22 hours long due to summer solstice taking place above the Arctic Circle.

With countless attractions beckoning travelers from around the globe, it’s clear why Alaska remains such a sought-after tourist destination.

Major Cities In Alaska

Alaska is known for its vast expanses of wilderness, but it’s also home to some interesting cities.

Anchorage is the largest city in the state and serves as a major transportation hub for Alaska. It offers plenty of shopping opportunities, cultural activities, and outdoor recreation.

Juneau is the capital of Alaska and is located on Gastineau Channel near the inside passage. It has a rich maritime history and beautiful scenery that attracts visitors from all over.

Fairbanks is another important Alaskan city with a thriving gold mining industry. It’s also a popular destination for tourists who want to experience life in an Arctic environment.

Other notable cities include Ketchikan, Sitka, Kodiak Island, Barrow, Bethel, Kenai, Wasilla and Palmer. Each one offers unique attractions that showcase the best of what Alaskan living has to offer.

Whether you’re looking for adventure or just a quiet getaway, there’s something here for everyone!


Although Alaska is a vast state, the sheer beauty of its landscape and the vibrancy of its cities make it one of America’s most popular tourist destinations. From stunning mountain views to vibrant city nightlife, there are many reasons why Alaska should be on everyone’s must-see list.

Whale WatchingJuneau$55
Glacier CruisingSeward$100
Dog SleddingFairbanks$90
Zip LiningHaines$60
Ice ClimbingAnchorage$75

So don’t forget about this beautiful northern paradise when planning your next vacation! It’s an experience you’ll never forget.

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