The Nuremberg Code emerged in the wake of the Second World War in response to the horrific medical practices that were carried out on prisoners in concentration camps throughout the Third Reich.
Very few countries in this world operate without some form of a legislative branch of government. Roughly 60% of the nations in the world function under what is known as a unicameral legislature. Generally, the rest of the world, including the United States, adopts a bicameral system.
Abbreviations or acronyms are commonly used to reference various agencies, branches of government, or officers of the federal government in the United States, and SCOTUS is one of them.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI, is overseen by the United States Department of Justice. While it serves many capacities, the most prominent is its role as the primary federal law enforcement agency. This means that the FBI is in charge of investigating major and/or violent crimes, especially when those crimes cross state lines.
A landmark case is a Supreme Court case that creates precedents that produce new legal concepts or principles. A landmark case will significantly impact how existing laws can be interpreted.
The US Constitution is one of the oldest constitutions in the world, providing an effective blueprint for republican governance in America for nearly 250 years.