17th Amendment Simplified

17th Amendment

17th Amendment
1: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
2: When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
3: This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

What Is the 17th Amendment?

The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution states that the United States Senate should be made up of two Senators from each state. 

United States Congress
The United States Senate is made up of two Senators from each state, making 100 in total.

Each Senator should have one vote and serve for six years after being elected. In addition, the candidates should meet all qualifications required by state legislatures.

If there happen to be any vacancies in the Senate, then there shall be a special direct election issued by the executive authority, which is typically the Governor.

However, the state legislature can also permit the Governor to fill any vacancy before people vote.

The 17th Amendment was ratified on April 8, 1913.

Senators’ Direct Election and Senators’ Votes

Under Article I, Section 3, the legislatures elect two Senators from each state. In the Federal Union, the Senators were in charge of representing the states, and the members of the House represented local voters.

Texas legislature
Texas legislature.

However, a significant number of elections were mired in scandal due to unfair practices. Another issue was political discord amongst state legislators. This led to Progressives deciding to let voters elect Senators in every state.

The Seventeenth Amendment upholds the Senate election by a direct election.

The Dissatisfaction of Electing Senators

Before the 17th Amendment of the United States Constitution, there was a lack of satisfaction with electing Senators. This dissatisfaction ultimately led to the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment. 

Map of United States
There are 50 states in the United States.

Many people were ready to exercise the clause, and several people were convinced that Senators should be elected just like Representatives were. 

However, it had been discovered that there were many discrepancies involved in the previous election process.

There was enough evidence to prove that malpractices were occurring, and the method was no longer efficient.

Faults of Previous United States Senate Voting

Some of the faults linked to legislative selection include vacancies staying open for substantial periods due to deadlocks in the legislature.

Dollars
The senatorial selection process was dogged by corruption.

Another issue was corruption. Groups with special interests and influential people prevented democracy from working as it should. Instead, they bought the legislative seats.

There were also extended electoral contests, which led to various consequences, such as legislators neglecting their other duties. 

However, many States had created arrangements designed to give voters control over choosing Senators. All of this was before the Seventeenth Amendment was ratified.

Senate Election for the Seat

Amendments were made to state government laws to allow voters to appoint the one candidate they preferred for the senatorial seat among the party candidates running for office.

North Carolina Legislative Building
North Carolina legislative building.

The nominations, on the other hand, were monitored. All nominations not officially executed were forwarded to the legislature for further action.

State Legislative Candidates

The legislatures were in charge of choosing the candidate to take the seat. They decided that the legislatures’ action was primarily based on shared understanding based on the popular vote’s majority preference.

I voted stickers
Prior to the 17th Amendment state legislatures chose senators.

The legislature was required to be unbiased in determining the winner for the senatorial seat. This happened in two States and was later approved by all in 1912. 

At least 29 states had adopted this voting method for Senators before the Seventeenth Amendment was ratified, thus solidifying the United States Constitution.

One Response

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.