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When the Founding Fathers crafted the Constitution of the United States into 7 unique sections, or “articles.” These 7 articles each laid the foundation for a specific aspect of the American the laid the foundation for the Congress, the federal government’s legislative branch. This branch is tasked with the creation of new laws or legislation. In this article, we’ll look at everything you need to know about Article One of the .. Article One of
According to the foundation outlined in Article One of the , the Congress is a bicameral . “ ” is another word for an assembly or group of people tasked with deliberation. “Bicameral” means that this has two distinct bodies, with these bodies being known as the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is known as the “lower house” of the Congress, and the Senate is known as the “upper house.” The Senate has more power and more limited membership.
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As the lower house of the bicameral Congress, the House of Representatives is tasked with the initial passing of federal legislation in the form of proposed “bills.” Once the House approves these Representatives’ bills, they will need to be approved by the Senate. The House of Representatives, as the name would suggest, features representatives from every in the country. The amount of representatives is determined by each ‘s population number. A with a larger population has a greater number of representatives.
As the upper house of the bicameral Congress, the Senate is the second deliberative body that bills will have to pass through before they make it to the desk of the Commander In Chief or the of the . The Senate is a much smaller body than the House of Representatives and is much harder to become a part. The United States’ vice president is in charge of the Senate, which is made out of representatives from each state, similarly to the House of Representatives.
Article 1 of the Constitution specifically lays the foundation for the Congress to be a bicameral because it allows checks and balances regarding what laws get passed. If one body was given autonomy, they could theoretically pass any laws or they wanted. If that body were to become compromised or corrupt, there would be no other body to keep them in check.
The point of Article One is to ensure that only fair laws are allowed to become federal legislation. This system of checks and balances existing within the smaller microcosm of the as a whole. The Founding Fathers aimed to include as many checks and balances in the as possible to prevent the from being corrupt or to create amendments that were not in line with the . mirrors the checks and balances between the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches that make up the
Besides laying the foundation for this bicameral the also explicitly details how these two separate bodies are staffed. The terms for becoming a member of either the House of Representatives or the Senate are thoroughly explained in Article One. Both require some unique qualifications that aim to make it so only those who are truly up to the task of making important legislative decisions are allowed to join. and defining what these two bodies are tasked with doing, Article One of
According to the terms put forth in Article One of the , members of the House of Representatives are to be elected once every two years. As addressed earlier, the number of seats available is determined by each ‘s citizens’ current population.
The terms set forth for staffing the Senate are slightly more strict, as the Senate has a slight increase in power over the House of Representatives. Instead of the number of representatives is determined based on population, every is given two senators no matter what. This makes it so that states with lower or more thoroughly dispersed populations are not silenced by states with higher or more condensed populations. Each serves a six-year term. Although Article One originally dictated that senators were supposed to be elected by the legislatures themselves, senators are now elected directly by each ‘s general population.
The remaining sections of Article One of the establish the specific goals and powers of the Congress and its two distinct branches. The Congress is given the autonomy to police its own elections and police its own members by punishment or expulsion. The also sets forth how members of the Congress are to be compensated.
Section 7 of Article One of the dictates how bills are passed through the House of Representatives, then through the Senate, and finally, make it to the ‘ desk. The has veto power, which means that the can choose not to pass the said bill into . If the agrees with the bill, they will sign it, and the bill will be passed into .
Sections 8, 9, and 10 give the Congress a few more important powers, such as the power to print and regulate money, the power to establish post offices, the power to establish federal courts beneath their own jurisdiction, and, perhaps most importantly, the power to declare war. While the of the was cautious in giving no single branch of the total power, it certainly bestows a good deal of power on its . Understanding all of the ramifications of the terms outlined in Article One is incredibly important, then, for understanding all of the Congress‘ many powers.