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The 27 amendments. is the oldest active globally, written in 1787 and ratified in 1788. Widely considered one of the most successful and effective national constitutions ever written, it comprises 7 main sections known as articles and
sets the guidelines and rules for the federal government’s , the branch responsible for directly administering the country. Article 2 is comprised of 4 sections containing different subsections or clauses and addresses different issues relating to the , vice- , and other executive and federal officials.
Clause 1 specifies that a 22nd of the US limits the to two 4-year terms. will serve as head of the federal government’s , serving a 4-year term. Similarly, the vice-president will serve the federal government’s as vice . While there are no limitations on how many terms the can serve in Article 2, the
Clause 2 appoints electors from each US , with the stipulation that no can at the time be serving as a , representative, or other position created by the federal government. who will be directly responsible for selecting the and vice of the . The number of electors from each is equal to the number of representatives and senators apportioned to each under the
Clause 3 establishes the electors’ guidelines selecting both the and vice of the . Electors are directed to meet in their respective states and for 2 different individuals, with at least one of the 2 individuals being a resident of another .
The votes will be delivered to the Senate , who will count them in the Senate and House of Representatives’ presence. The individual with the greatest amount will become as long as the amount of votes received by them is at least a of the electors’ total amount.
The individual with the 2nd highest total will be the Vice . If more than one individual gets a of votes of the total amount of electors and the result is a tie, the House of Representatives will to determine the . If no individual gets a , then the House of Representatives will between the individuals with the 5 highest totals.
Each delegation gets one from their . If the is won, then it goes to the House of Representatives. Finally, if there is a tie for the 2nd highest total to determine the Vice , the Senate will determine the winner in a .
As might be expected, giving the presidency to the highest total and the vice presidency to the 2nd highest total created massive problems. Fellow rivals and competitors for the presidency did not work well together in the same administration and in the United States’ early years.
As a result, the 12th of the was enacted in 1804, which altered the process in many ways, most notably separating the 2 assigned votes for the electors into 2 distinct votes, one for the and one for the Vice . This eliminated the problem of two rival factions serving together as and Vice .
Clause 4 gives Congress the authority to determine when an is held and when the electors cast their votes in their for . These dates are uniform in every of the US.
Clause 5 sets the qualifications for an individual to serve as of the , namely that the individual is a natural-born citizen of the , over 35 years old, and a resident in the for at least 14 years. Obviously, they also need to win a .
Clause 6 specifies that the Vice will take over the President’s roles, responsibilities, and duties if the is removed or no longer able to serve.
If both the of the provides additional guidelines and procedures to clarify this clause’s ambiguous nature. and Vice are removed or no longer able to serve in their roles, Congress has the authority to appoint a qualified individual to the of an who will finish the term. The
Clause 7 states that the government. will receive a salary that will not be altered during their service term. They cannot receive any additional money on top of their salary from the federal government or any
Clause 8 requires the President-Elect to take an of before assuming the presidency, with the “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the of of the , and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the of the .
Clause 1 establishes the impeachment cases is due to added complications involved in the balance of power. as the ‘ armed forces, specifically naming him Commander in Chief. A senior cabinet of officials is also created in this clause, along with the ‘s except in impeachment cases. The exclusion of power to grant a in
Clause 2 gives the the power to sign treaties on behalf of the in conjunction with counsel from the Senate and at least two-thirds of their support. Along with counsel and advice from the Senate, the is given the authority to appoint judges, ambassadors, and other public officials.
The Senate also has the right to let the appoint officials without their consent or advice if the Senate considers them minor appointments or officials that they do not feel the need to pay attention to. These do not need an .
Clause 3 gives the power to fill vacancies that arise when the Senate is in recess and without . These appointments expire at the end of Congress’s following session.
Section 3 of specifies several other specific roles, responsibilities, and rights that the has.
Section 4 of Article 2 allows for the removal from is a complicated process in itself and is not often effective in removing officers from . of the , Vice , and all other civil officers of the if they are impeached and then convicted of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.